As we concluded Sefer Bereishis, the Book of Genesis, last week, the nascent Jewish People found themselves in very good circumstances. Yosef was second only to Pharoah himself, having saved the entire country from famine. There was no reason to expect what actually transpired.

The verses themselves suggest what happened. “Yosef passed away, and all of his brothers, and that entire generation. And the Children of Israel multiplied and spread, grew and were very strong, and the land was full of them. And a new King rose over Egypt, who did not know Yosef.” [Ex. 1:6-8]

The generation to whom the Egyptians owed gratitude passed away. As long as Yosef was alive, no Egyptian King would imagine that the Jews would be disloyal, but now Yosef is gone. And the Jews were successful, so much so that “the land was full of them.” In other words, “there were too many Jews.” And that is when a new king arose who forgot all that Yosef had done, all that the Jewish people had done to benefit Egypt.

There is an argument in the Talmud about what it means that the king “did not know Yosef,” as Rashi tells us. One school of thought is that there was truly a new king, but the other says that the same Pharoah stopped thinking of the Jews as a benefit to the country, as if he had never known Yosef.

In truth, these opinions are not as different as they might seem to be. The Egyptians wrote and depicted what happened in their country. There were records of what Yosef had done. They presumably did not knock down the storehouses. Certainly Egyptians were telling the story of how they had famously saved themselves and even fed neighboring countries during the years of famine. Even common people knew this, much less the successor to the throne. He did not need to have known Yosef to know what he accomplished on behalf of all Egypt.

Fundamentally, the new Pharoah expressed a lack of gratitude to the Jewish People, and demonstrated the familiar pattern of anti-Semitism. The reality was that the Jews had only benefited the Egyptians and the entire region. The myth was that the Jews were disloyal, and would exploit the Egyptians and the resources of the country. And the myth won.

Look at what is happening in the Middle East today. The reality is that Jews built a flourishing country on their ancestral homeland, inventing new technologies to make it fertile, advancing medicine, and bringing democracy, limiting the power of government, to that portion of the world — not just for themselves, but for everyone. Arab citizens of Israel have rights and opportunities found in none of the dozens of Arab countries. The myth is that the Jews are occupiers, exploiting the resources of the country, creating problems throughout the region. And before the United Nations of the world, the myth wins.

Our obligation is always to do better. We must model gratitude. When someone does a kindness for us, we have an obligation to recognize the generosity of that person, express our thanks, and above all not reciprocate good deeds with bad ones. That is the Egyptian model, the one we help eradicate every time we thank those who help us!


  1. Dear Rabbi,
    The Jewish nation and people are special to my heart, as they are special in the eyes of The God Who Is There. The people and nation of Israel stand as a beacon of love and hope for the entire world. You and are in my prayers that He who is unseen will reward you openly for your faithful service to truth, justice and mercy.
    yours and His,

  2. I thought that the second king was the leader of a nation that had taken Egypt, like the Persians took Babylon. Believe I looked up the dates
    and this was a possibility? No big deal, just interesting. A great time in Jewish history.

  3. Humankind owes to the Jewish People so much. Starting with the true, unaltered Word of The Lord. The commandments, the prophesies, and all the meaningful experiences, teachings and symbols the Jews lived and still live, which are life lessons for everybody. The Jews themselves are irrefutable proof of the miraculous overpowerful hand of The Lord just by being a tiny country, alone, totally by itself, confronting huge, evil enemies that surround them but never defeated them in the past and will never defeat them ever, just because The Lord defends and affirms them. They are His people and He loves them overwhelmingly forever. The Jews are the blessing of and for the world. Even other religions have to love the Jewish people as one of the most important requirements if they want others to believe that they live their faith in a true way. And after the Shoah, the world owes extreme love to the Jews because they deserve it after so much loss and suffering. Also there are visible authentic evidences throughout history about the blessings that come when we sincerely bless the Jewish People in Israel and around the world. It is a promise from heaven. The Jewish People is not perfect. No people, country or race is perfect. But the Hebrews have done nothing wrong to deserve bad treatment anywhere in any way at any time. It comes out that envy rises up because they are blessed by The Lord more than others in a very special way. I bless them all because there will come a moment in the earth when nobody will respect or believe in The Lord except for them. They will be the only ones proclaiming the Holiness of The Lord in all the countries of the planet. Each intelligent being should be with the Jewish nation always, side by side. Shalom.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *