Last night my wife and I celebrated our anniversary in typically Jewish fashion: we went out for Chinese food. Initially we both ordered a dinner special, but in the waitress’ presence my wife changed her order to a slightly more expensive option. [For the locals, David Chu’s crispy chicken Szechuan style is outstanding, and well worth the extra $1.40.]
This is relevant because when we got our bill, I could see a mistake without reading Chinese: the amounts for both orders were equal. We had been billed for two dinner specials. So when the waitress came back, I asked her to please make the correction.
Did we have to do that? No. Because it’s not standard practice among the nations of the world to voluntarily correct an error in their favor, we are not obligated to do more. But that is really the nature of Kiddush HaShem — sanctification of G-d’s Name — doing something that everyone recognizes is “the right thing to do,” whether or not everyone does it. Not everyone gets to be Rabbi Noah Muroff of Connecticut, who became an international news item by returning $98,000 discovered in a desk he had purchased. But we should do it nonetheless.
In this week’s Torah reading, Moshe tells the people: “behold I have taught you decrees and laws, as Hashem my G-d has Commanded me, to do them in the middle of the land, which you are going there to inherit. And you shall guard them and do them, for this is your wisdom and understanding in the eyes of the nations, which will hear all of these decrees and say, ‘just a wise and understanding people, this great nation'” [Deuteronomy 4:5-6].
Today, it may seem obvious that telling the waitress about the error is “the right thing to do.” But the story is told of a young Jewish man who, unaware of the richness of his own heritage, went to Eastern nations searching for spirituality. He was walking together with his teacher when the latter picked up a wallet he found on the ground, and pocketed it without investigation. The student asked if he wasn’t going to try to see who had lost it, and he responded that this was unnecessary, that it was destined that the wallet be his good fortune. This was enough for a young Jew to realize that something was amiss.
Yes, in our countries it’s different. Everyone recognizes that a spiritual leader, of whatever kind, ought to be returning that wallet. But where do you think they learned this wisdom? Is there something like that in Aesop’s Fables? I don’t think the sort of people who threw prisoners to the lions for entertainment would give someone back his dropped handkerchief before throwing him in!
The paradox of today’s Western world is that it bases its moral values upon the same “wise and understanding people” that it so often despises, persecutes, and accuses of imagined violations of those same morals. A recent example would be the UN Human Rights Council (populated by the representatives of such bastions of human rights and dignity as Syria, China and Venezuela) accusing the IDF of “indiscriminate” shelling that, just coincidentally, was 3.5 times more likely to hit a male than a female.
The best way to respond to that is through personal example. It is said that when Rabbi Yaakov Kaminetsky was a young Rav in Tzitavyan, Lithuania, someone came to him because the post office had made an error in his favor during a transaction. Rav Kaminetsky told the person to go back to the post office and repay the amount of the error. This happened several more times; it turned out that the Postmaster was surprised enough the first time that he deliberately tested other members of the Jewish community to see what would happen. Although the Rav left for America in 1937, the community he guided had sufficiently impressed that Postmaster that he personally helped save many Jewish lives during the Holocaust.
Simply do the right thing, whether or not you have to do it and whether or not others actually do — and not only will you be doing the right thing, but others will notice, as well.
G-d bless and protect ysr. rabbi, i was a xtian, but am a noahide now for the last 23 years. i live in a predominantly muslim country in se asia. that again may surprise you. i believe you are related to R dovid rosenfield who teaches pirkei avos. he and rabbi shraga simmons know of me and my family and i still study from r dovid rosenfield by email.
while it is true that we nations of the world from time eternal have been inflicting progrom after progom on the very people, whom Hashem has promised to be the light to all nations, and in whose merits and for whose sake created the world for, and to whom, we owe our existence as we were created for yisrael’s sake, it must be understood that there are outstanding good people among the other man made faiths. Perhaps they are linked to avraham and keturah’s children and so some of the goodness has come down to them. i really would not know.
my husband is a hindu. Till today i have never seen him take what is not his own, as on numerous occasions i have seen him give back money which was calculated wrongly. i have also seen him bring back money he found on the road or elsewhere, and when its a big amount, take it and give as alms in the market place.
as you may or may not know, unlike xtianity and islam, hindus believe in rebirth. That every person’s soul comes back until complete rectification before it reaches the upper heavens. i know they are idol worshippers, as they pray through intermediaries, but the torah also stipulates that when people live in peace, Hashem even tolerates idolatry. not condone, but tolerates.
i also have seen this kind of innate honesty in the buddhist monks. While admittedly these numbers may be small as compared to the overall non jewish population of the world, they still do exist.
we dont live in india, but are indians. one of my torah teachers from ysr told me, that years ago, when the progroms against the jews was so great. a king from kerala state in india took in the jews and kept them safe. and in the law book of the kings wrote that no one, must touch the jews. Even during the indo paki wars, the jews were safe, until recently the chabad house was attacked by extremists from a neighbouring country. This only happened recently.
Ofcourse i do believe that it was Hashem Who did all this, but He too chose an idolatrous king in an idolatrous country to safe keep His precious first born. Why? i dont know. Perhaps He wanted the light of the torah to reach this place.
Hashem created us non jews also with some basic innate human values. It is sad that the majority choose to ignore this.
It is also very sad that today. instead of doing teshuvah and returning to the values of the 7 laws, the nations are once again, holding hands to suffocate yisrael. Why Hashem is delaying the punishments of these nations….. i dont know. But i beleive our nations of the world’s time limit would soon be over. As it is , its already long overdue. be well and blessed always.